Global mortality associated with 33 bacterial pathogens in 2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

Global mortality associated with 33 bacterial pathogens in 2019: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

Research in context Evidence before this study Communicable diseases have long been recognised as a cause of substantial health loss globally, but few studies to date have concentrated on pathogen-specific mortality caused by common bacterial pathogens. Many estimates exist for pathogens like Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Plasmodium spp, and HIV but estimates of the burden of bacterial … Read more

Monoclonal Antibodies Losing Effectiveness Against COVID-19 Variants

Monoclonal Antibodies Losing Effectiveness Against COVID-19 Variants

Nov. 21, 2022 — Lab-created monoclonal antibodies, once a leading way of protecting people against COVID-19, are being sidelined because they don’t work against a growing number of coronavirus variants. “Monoclonals had their day, like the Model T or the biplane,” Carl Dieffenbach, director of the Division of AIDS at the National Institutes of Health … Read more

Light Drinking in Pregnancy Can Change Fetal Brain: Study

Light Drinking in Pregnancy Can Change Fetal Brain: Study

A small new study suggests less than one alcoholic drink a week affects fetal brain structure.  The research is the first to use fetal MRI to see how drinking affects the fetus in real-time.  Recommendations against light drinking in pregnancy have been criticized as paternalistic and not evidence-based.  Loading Something is loading. Thanks for signing … Read more

Popular anti-inflammatories linked to worse osteoarthritis progression

Popular anti-inflammatories linked to worse osteoarthritis progression

New data presented at the Radiological Society of North America’s annual meeting suggests long-term use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), such as naproxen or ibuprofen, can be associated with hastened progression of osteoarthritis symptoms. The researchers are cautious to stress the link is still observational and more work needs to be done to understand how … Read more

Drinking During Pregnancy Changes Baby’s Brain Structure

Drinking During Pregnancy Changes Baby’s Brain Structure

Summary: Pregnant women who drink small-to-moderate amounts of alcohol during pregnancy risk altering their baby’s brain structure and delaying brain development. Source: RSNA A new MRI study revealed that consumption of alcohol even in low to moderate amounts during pregnancy can change the baby’s brain structure and delay brain development. Results of the study will … Read more

This Is Why And How You Can Add More Vitamin D To Your Kids’ Diet

This Is Why And How You Can Add More Vitamin D To Your Kids’ Diet

Vitamin D: Fatty fish, eggs, milk and various other foods are good sources of the sunshine vitamin The sunshine vitamin is another name for vitamin D. It is a special kind of vitamin because, unlike other vitamins, it is not found in most foods. Vitamin D is produced by the human body in reaction to … Read more

Cold comfort: the science of staying warm in the energy crisis | Human biology

Cold comfort: the science of staying warm in the energy crisis | Human biology

We, along with other mammals and birds, are endotherms. We use thermoregulation to maintain a consistent internal body temperature – between 37C and 37.5C. When the external environment changes, “A range of physiological responses is initiated, including the reduction of tissue temperature – skin, blood and muscle,” says Dr Joseph Costello, exercise and environmental physiologist … Read more

Can an eating binge cause stomach rupture?

Can an eating binge cause stomach rupture?

Comment on this story Comment Q: I always feel like my stomach is going to explode after I eat on Thanksgiving. Can that actually happen? A: While theoretically possible, it is extremely unlikely for your stomach to explode from overeating. Your stomach is a tough organ, with thick muscle walls and a rich blood supply … Read more