10-year Treasury yield in focus ahead of Fed meeting

Treasury yields fell on Tuesday, reversing some of the massive upward moves from the previous session, as investors assessed the prospect of the Federal Reserve taking the most aggressive step yet in its fight to lower soaring inflation.

Fresh U.S. inflation data was released, with the government reporting that wholesale prices rose 10.8% in May. That’s near a record.

The yield on the benchmark 10-year Treasury note slipped around 6 basis points to 3.312%, paring gains after climbing to 3.39% and notching its biggest move since 2020 in the previous session.

The yield on the 30-year Treasury bond fell roughly 4 basis points to 3.325%. The 2-year yield, meanwhile, was flat at 3.276%. Yields move inversely to prices, and a basis point is equal to 0.01%.

The 2-year and 10-year Treasury yield curve on Monday briefly inverted for the first time since early April as investors braced for the prospect of aggressive monetary policy tightening to lower inflation. This measure is closely monitored by traders and is often seen as an indicator of a recession.

It comes after an intense sell-off during the regular session on Wall Street as market participants await the start of the Federal Reserve’s two-day policy meeting, which concludes on Wednesday.

“The move in the 10-year Treasury yield toward 3.5% shows the market’s fear that the Fed may fall further behind the curve is increasing. In turn, this will give the Fed less room to ‘declare victory’ and ease off on rate hikes,” said Mark Haefele, chief investment officer at UBS Global Wealth Management.

“As a result, the risks of a Fed-induced recession have increased, in our view, and the chances of a recession in the next six months have risen,” Haefele added.

Investors are bracing themselves for a 75 basis-point hike from the Fed this week, rather than a 50 basis-point hike many had come to expect. That’s because last week’s inflation report showed prices running hotter than expected.

The Federal Open Market Committee in May raised the target range for the federal funds rate to 0.75% to 1% from 0.25% to 0.5%.

— CNBC’s Sarah Min contributed to this report.

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